This is a 20 multiple choice assignment in the area of Psychopharmacology/Bioche

This is a 20 multiple choice assignment in the area of Psychopharmacology/Biochemistry.
The questions below are based from the following two textbooks:
Finney, K. (2018). Basic Psychopharmacology Principles A Quick Guide for Mental Health Professionals (First Edition), Cognella, Inc. ISBN-13: 978-1516516643, ISBN-10: 1516516648
Preston, J. & Johnson, J. (2020). Clinical Psychopharmacology Made Ridiculously Simple (Ninth Edition), MedMaster, Inc. ISBN-13: 978-1-935660-40-8
Question 11.5 pts
Receptor upregulation occurs after chronic administration of:
Group of answer choices
Agonists
Antagonists
Both Agonists and Antagonists
Antagonists before Agonists are present
Lifetime prevalence for depressive disorders is:
Group of answer choices
More than 50 percent
More than 70 percent
More than 10 percent but less than 40 percent
Less than 10 percent
Which of the following health conditions is neither considered a cause nor a directly associated inducer of depression?
Group of answer choices
Diabetes
Hyperthyroidism
Parkinson’s Disease
Alzheimer’s Disease
Which of the following is a symptom of depression?
Group of answer choices
Increased sex drive
Hedonia
Anhedonia
Diaphoresis
Which of the following is not a type of pharmacology?
Group of answer choices
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacognosy
Pharmacodynamics
Old McDonacology
Which of the following is not a component of pharmacokinetics?
Group of answer choices
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
Receptor binding
Both receptors and enzymes are made of __________________.
Group of answer choices
Sugars
Steroid Hormones
Proteins
Alcohols
Which of the following best describes drug-drug interactions?
Group of answer choices
Nicotine increases the metabolism of caffeine, resulting in caffeine being less effective in smokers
Nicotine binds to muscarinic receptors, acting as a ligand that mimics acetylcholine
Nicotine binds to nicotinic receptors, acting as a ligand that mimics acetylcholine
Nicotine causes smokers to feel both relaxed and alert at the same time
Neurons synthesize neurotransmitters and package them into vesicles. Which of the following is true regarding the synthesis of neurotransmitters?
Group of answer choices
Neurotransmitters are derived from amino acids
Neurotransmitters are derived from steroid hormones
Neurotransmitters in the brain are synthesized in the blood
Neurotransmitters are synthesized in mitochondria
Norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine containing neurons send axons to the frontal cortex.
Group of answer choices
True
False
A lack of _____________ release into the striatum is responsible for the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease.
Group of answer choices
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Acetylcholine
Which of the following is a class of drugs thought to cause depression?
Group of answer choices
Corticosteroids
Stimulants
Thyroid hormones
SSRIs
Which of the following is a class of drugs thought to increase the risk of mania in patients being treated for depression?
Group of answer choices
Opioids
Antidepressants
Antipsychotics
Sleep aids
Which of the following disorders is thought to cause or induce mania?
Group of answer choices
Multiple sclerosis
Shingles
Anxiety
Hypothyroidism
Chronic exposure to norepinephrine will cause receptors to upregulate.
Group of answer choices
True
False
Which neurotransmitter is associated with mood, sleep and cognition?
Group of answer choices
Dopamine
Serotonin
Acetylcholine
Epinephrine
Which receptor has binding sites for alcohol, benzodiazepines and barbituates?
Group of answer choices
Serotonin
Dopamine
GABA
Acetylcholine
The ED50 of drug X is 100 micrograms per kilogram and the ED50 for drug Z is 10 micrograms per kilogram. Which drug is more potent?
Group of answer choices
Drug X
Drug Z
Drug X and Drug Z are equipotent
Not enough information is provided to know which drug is more potent