Question 3

Please use the article I attached to answer this question: Does the anomaly of soccer present a challenge for Markovits & Rensmanns theory? If so, explain why. If not, explain why not.

We have considered a number of theories, including one from Markovits & Rensmann (M&R), that the institution of sport is not gender-neutral. Rather, sport is constructed in ways that favor men over women, culturally.

In the U.S., American football* is extremely popular. By comparison, soccer in the U.S. is growing in popularity, but it has historically not been popular, and even today is only the fifth-most popular spectator sport after football, basketball, baseball, and ice hockey. Participation in football is almost exclusively by men. However, in soccer, while participation by men is high, womens participation at the collegiate level and above is even greater.

Does the anomaly of soccer present a challenge for Markovits & Rensmanns theory? If so, explain why. If not, explain why not.

IMPORTANT RULES: 

Use normal-spaced margins and normal-sized fonts. (Are there college assignments that specify otherwise?)
You are encouraged to compose responses that read as if you were speaking the words out loudi.e., and not in an overly formalistic style. The latter in my experience leads to writing that is less intelligible, not more. It is your responsibility to communicate an accurate response, not the readers responsibility to extract a correct response from your submission.
The ideal response should reflect a synthetic understanding of the material, in your own words. If your reference to a reading is in the context of an otherwise synthetic response on your part, I am fine with there being no citation. Ritualistic citations to the readings are unnecessary, particularly if they do not substantively contribute to the response.
Quotations and paraphrasings of readings should be kept to a minimum, or omitted entirely. Where you do feel compelled to quote or paraphrase from a reading, an appropriate reference in whatever your convention of choice is, is absolutely in order. But, this exam is not an exercise in citation/bibliographic form and demonstrating expertise here is not a good strategy for getting a good score.