Learning Goal: I’m working on a biology question and need guidance to help me le

Learning Goal: I’m working on a biology question and need guidance to help me learn. Evaluation of tree 20 points CONTENT: Write a brief introduction and briefly explain your methods (1/2 page). Describe your results (up to 1 page + 1 page figures/tables). Write a brief discussion (1 page). Include at least four references. Write this report as if you actually performed field work on real trees on WMU campus, rather than using data from previous labs. The idea of this assignment is to clearly describe a scientific study. The important thing is to clearly explain why, what, and how you conducted your study, and what the results showed. Your experiments should test at least one hypothesis (but two different hypotheses would be great). The hypothesis must be cleared by your TA. Be sure to state clearly what the null and alternative hypotheses are for each hypothesis. Title Your title should be concise and should explain the purpose/findings of the experiment. It should not be a copy of the lab title. See titles of journal articles. Your title can be on the first page of text, with your name directly below it. A title page on its own is unnecessary (save paper). Introduction The introduction should give the background to the experiment or study, and then explain the purpose of it. Generally, an introduction discusses the more general field of study (referencing appropriate literature), and then leads into the specific experiment and the purpose of it. Avoid referring to figures and tables in the introduction. You should also describe a hypothesis or hypotheses in the introduction. Methods: For the methods section, be careful to describe your procedures as closely as possible. Remember, you should pretend that you actually conducted the field study. Write in first person and focus on the most relevant details. Results Summarize in words what you have found. Focus on the patterns, trends, and findings that are relevant to the objectives and hypotheses of your study. Refer to your figures and tables in this section. For important comparisons, you can mention actual numbers (include units). Avoid interpreting your results here—that should be left for the discussion. Figures and Tables All figures and tables should be individually numbered and should be mentioned in the text (e.g. “Figure 2 shows the relationship between…”). Each figure and table should contain an explanatory caption (see journal articles for guidance). Use one page for figures and/or tables. Discussion In this section the results should be interpreted, critically evaluated, and compared to the initial hypotheses. You can speculate about broader meanings of your conclusions. Use the literature to put into context your results and conclusions. You can also mention possible sources of error and/or potential improvements in experimental design. You should be able to find several more papers on this topic. You should mention these papers in your discussion section (two to four papers is a good length), and compare your study and results to this drafted work. References Use the scientific literature to put your results and background information in context. Literature cited in the text of the lab report should be organized and formatted following a consistent format. FORMAT: Include your name, TA and date
Use 12 pt font, 1-inch margins, and double spaced text. Include page numbers.
Do not exceed 5 pages for the whole report. Learning to write clearly and concisely is one of the goals of these assignments.
Do not write in point form. Use paragraphs and full sentences.
Sections (Materials and Methods, Results, etc.) should be in bold or underlined (same font size as the rest of the text) and should not start on separate pages. References and Figures and Tables should be on separate pages.
When referring to tables and figures in your own text, they should be capitalized. E.g., “This trend is evident in Figure 3”.
Using taxon names: italicize or underline species names e.g., Impatiens parviflora. If referring to same species, I. parviflora. We investigated the Tetrapoda (scientific name). We investigated tetrapods.
List your references on a final page. Use a format from a scientific journal for listing the references. Reference citations: (you can see how to correctly cite references in your text by closely reading a few scientific papers).
Not appropriate:
o Appropriate examples: a study found body length was correlated with weight (Smith, 2002) Smith (2002) found that… Smith (2002, Journal of Experimental Biology…) John Smith (2002) believes that… GRADING SCHEME: Title 5% Introduction 5% Methods 10% Results 25% Figures and Tables 20% Discussion 20%References 5% Format and writing style 10% Total 100% Each of the sections will be graded for content, organization, clarity, and writing style (grammar, sentence structure, spelling).
Requirements: just enough