Instructions: Answer each post below in the third person. Give at least 2 paragr

Instructions: Answer each post below in the third person. Give at least 2 paragraph responses and 1-2 references for each. Be sure to use your critical thinking skills and provide headers for each post separately.
Discussion Board 1.2: So
what does the word “etiology” mean anyways? How does this relate to addiction and our readings? Please choose at least 3 of the 5 theories discussed in Chapter 4 in addition to viewing the videos/article below. Please compare and contrast by providing several examples to support your claims of the similarities and differences among the theories.

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/genes/

Discussion Board 1.2 (Response):
A critical question here is: what is addiction? Is it a medical condition and therefore, genetic in nature? A crime? Is it being socially deviant? Some feel that being addicted to a substance implies that a person has made some sort of choice over the condition. Thus, some feel that insurance companies should not have to pay for poor
choices that have led to behavioral and medical problems. Why should addiction be considered a medical condition that necessitates very expensive treatment when the addicted individual could just not have engaged in the behavior initially, or repeatedly? On the other hand, if
addiction is genetic, it should be treated as a true medical disorder and covered by insurance. These aren’t my opinions, but they certainly are factors when the cost of treatment is considered. What do you all think about this issue?
Discussion Board 1.3:
Psychopathology
can be thought of as the study of mental illness, mental distress, and abnormal or maladaptive behavior. It can also be used as a term to denote behaviors or experiences which are indicative of mental illness, even if they do not constitute a formal diagnosis. With this being said,
how would you conceptualize this concept in regard to drug and/or alcohol addiction? How would you explain these concepts to a partner of a
client you are treating for addictions who just “does not get” that “something is wrong” with alcoholism? What from several of your reading soucres might be useful in your discussion? Examples?
Discussion Board 1.3 (Response):
Sharita, One
of the things that have to be realized is the reasons why a person uses
substances (Stevens & Smith, 2018). They can use because it is the norm of
this client and their environment (Stevens & Smith, 2018). Behaviors are learned and this may be what they have seen and feels that
this is an expectation of them from those around them (Stevens & Smith, 2018). The client may have a genetic risk for using, though it can be difficult to pinpoint because there is not actual measurement for
it (Stevens & Smith, 2018).
There
is also the way in which society views usage and addiction. It was initially viewed as a moral deficiency and those that use were morally corrupt, but the attitudes towards usage has changed and it has been viewed on the above as well as looking at it from a medical/disease standpoint (Stevens & Smith, 2018).
This
writer thinks that when trying to explain addiction to a partner may be
to first understand what their attitude towards addiction is. If they express any specific one that is mentioned above, this writer feels that
she would use that concept in her approach to getting the partner to look at from another perspective. If the partner feels that it is a societal norm, then this writer will have to use an approach that shows them patterns of behavior that can influence either positively or negatively (Stevens & Smith, 2018). If the partner uses as well, this may be an opportunity to find the etiology of the partners use as well.
Stevens, P. & Smith, R. L. (2018). Substance Abuse Counseling Theory and Practice (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Give a thoughful response to the classmates post above. Ask a question if possible.
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Read the post below to help with answering the questions:
https://post.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/pid-6557874-dt-content-rid-55080578_1/xid-55080578_1
https://post.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/pid-6557874-dt-content-rid-55080579_1/xid-55080579_1
https://post.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/pid-6557874-dt-content-rid-55080580_1/xid-55080580_1