Instructions:  Choose one question from the list of thirteen below and write a

 Choose one question from the list of thirteen below and write an essay of 2000 words
(can be a maximum 10% over or under this word limit).
 You must use at least 5 of the sources from the reading list provided below your
chosen question in the long version of the essay questions. Any additional sources
from outside this list must be first approved by either the tutor or the lecturer for the
subject (by email).
 Referencing: You can use any one of the major styles for citation (APA, Chicago,
MLA or Harvard). Note the next instruction in this list…
 Whichever referencing style you use, exact page numbers must be given for
citations throughout the essay (whether in-text or footnotes).
 A bibliography or reference list giving full details of all works cited must be included
at the end of the essay.
 Extensions & late penalties: please refer to the subject guide, faculty penalties of
10% per day apply to all essays that are submitted late without an approved extension.
 Please read the Essay Tips and Checklist handout before submitting your essay.
 You may choose to refer to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as either the
People’s Republic of China (PRC), or China, or Mainland China. For this essay, these
options are all acceptable.
1. Why was there conflict between the people of Taiwan and the incoming KMT regime between 1945 and 1947? Was this conflict the result of incompatibility between the two groups, or was it more due to the failures of KMT policy?
Chiou, C.L. “The Uprising of 28 February 1947 on Taiwan: The Official 1992 Investigation Report” China Information 7/4 (1993): 1-19.
Chu Yun-han and Jih-wen Lin. “Political Development in 20th Century Taiwan: State-Building, Regime Transformation and the Construction of National Identity” The China Quarterly 165 (2001): 102-129.
Edmondson, Robert. “The February 28 Incident and National Identity” in Stephane Corcuff, (ed.) Memories of the Future: National Identity Issues and the Search for a New Taiwan. Armonk, N.Y.; London: M.E. Sharpe, 2002: 25-46. UniM Bail 951.24904 MEMO & UniM INTERNET resource.
Fleischauer, Stefan. “The 228 Incident and the Taiwan Independence Movement’s Construction of a Taiwanese Identity” China Information 21, no.3 (2007): 373-401.
Gold, Thomas B. “Retrocession and Authoritarian KMT Rule (1945-1986)” in Gunter Schubert (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Taiwan. London: Routledge, 2016: 36-50. UniM INTERNET resource.
Hillenbrand, Margaret “Trauma and the Politics of Identity: Form and Function in Narratives of the February 28th Incident” Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 17, no.2 (2005): 49-8.
Kerr, George H. Formosa Betrayed, New York: Da Capo Press, 1976, 1965. UniM Bail High Use 951.24905 KERR OVERNIGHT LOAN (MISSING)
Lai, Tse-han; Myers, Ramon Hawley; Wei O. A Tragic Beginning: The Taiwan Uprising of February 28, 1947, Stanford: Stanford UP, 1991. UniM Bail 951.24905 LAI
Louzon, Victor “From Japanese Soldiers to Chinese Rebels: Colonial Hegemony, War Experience, and Spontaneous Remobilization during the 1947 Taiwanese Rebellion” The Journal of Asian Studies 77, no. 1 (2018): 161–179.
Mendel, Douglas Heusted. The Politics of Formosan Nationalism, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970. UniM Bail 320.951249 M537
Phillips, Steven E. “Between Assimilation and Independence: Taiwanese Political Aspirations under Nationalist Chinese Rule, 1945-1948” in Murray A. Rubinstein (ed.) Taiwan: A New History (Revised edn) Armonk, New York: M.E.Sharpe, 2007: 275-319. UniM INTERNET resource.
Phillips, Steven E. Between Assimilation and Independence: The Taiwanese Encounter Nationalist China, 1945-1950 Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2003. UniM Bail High Use 951.24905 PHIL OVERNIGHT LOAN (MISSING)
2. Was the development of Taiwan by the KMT between 1949 and the 1970s the result of a genuine interest in improving life for Taiwan’s people or was it simply a by-product of their conflict with the CCP and their attempt to retake the Chinese mainland?
Bullard, Monte R. The Soldier and the Citizen: The Role of the Military in Taiwan’s Development, Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1997. UniM Bail 322.50951249 BULL
Chu Yun-han; Lin, Jih-wen. “Political Development in 20th Century Taiwan: State-Building, Regime Transformation and the Construction of National Identity” The China Quarterly, no. 165, March 2001: 102-129.
Clark, Cal. “The Taiwan Exception: Implications for Contending Political Economy Paradigms” International Studies Quarterly 31, no. 3 (1987): 327-356.
Clark, Cal; Tan, Alexander C.; Ho, Karl. “Confronting the Costs of its Past Success: Revisiting Taiwan’s Post-authoritarian Political and Economic Development” Asian Politics & Policy, 10, no. 3 (2018): 460–484.
Clough, Ralph. “Taiwan under Nationalist rule, 1949-1982” in MacFarquhar, Roderick and John K. Fairbank (ed.), The Cambridge History of China: volume 15: The People’s Republic, part 2: Revolutions within the Chinese Revolution 1966-1982, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP, 1991. (available as an on-line resource via library catalogue).
Dickson, Bruce J. “The Lessons of Defeat: The Reorganization of the Kuomintang on Taiwan, 1950-52” China Quarterly 133 (1993): 56–84.
Gold, Thomas B. State and Society in the Taiwan Miracle, Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1986. UniM Giblin Eunson 338.951249 GOLD SEVEN DAY LOAN
Ho, Min-sho. “The Rise and Fall of Leninist Control in Taiwan’s Industry” China Quarterly 189 (2007): 162-179.
Ho, Ming-sho “Beyond Tokenism: The Institutional Conversion of Party-Controlled Labour Unions in Taiwan’s State-Owned Enterprises (1951-86)” China Quarterly 212 (2012):1019-1039.
Ho, Ming-sho “Manufacturing Loyalty: The Political Mobilization of Labor in Taiwan, 1950-1986 “ Modern China 36, no.6 (2010): 559-588.
Ho, Samuel P. S. (1978). Economic Development of Taiwan, 1860–1970. New Haven: Yale University Press. UniM Giblin Eunson 330.951249 HO
Hsiung, James C. et al (eds). The Taiwan Experience, 1950-1980: Contemporary Republic of China, New York: Praeger, 1981.UniM Bail 951.24905 TAIW
Hung, Lu-Hsun; Mo, Ta-Hua; Tuan, Fu-Chu. “The Evolution of the ROC’s Military-Societal Relations: From Militarized Society to Socialized Military” in Edmonds, Martin and Tsai, Michael M. (eds) Defending Taiwan: The Future Vision of Taiwan’s Defence Policy and Military Strategy. London; New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003:177-208. UniM INTERNET resource.
Ku, Yeun-wen. Welfare Capitalism in Taiwan: State, Economy and Social Policy, Houndmills, Hampshire: Macmillan Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. UniM Bail 361.610951249 KU
Myers, Ramon H. “Towards An Enlightened Authoritarian Polity: The Kuomintang Central Reform Committee on Taiwan, 1950-1952” Journal of Contemporary China 18, no.59. (2009):185-199.
Ngo, Tak-Wing; Chen, Yi-Chi. “The Genesis of Responsible Government under Authoritarian Conditions: Taiwan During Martial Law” China Review: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Greater China 8, no.2 (2008): 15-48.
Rubinstein, Murray A. (ed.). The Other Taiwan: 1945 to the Present, Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1994. UniM Bail 951.24905 OTHE
Skoggard, Ian A. The Indigenous Dynamic in Taiwan’s Postwar Development: The Religious and Historical Roots of Entrepreneurship, Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1996. UniM Bail 951.24905 SKOG
Tien, Hung-mao. The Great Transition: Political and Social Change in the Republic of China, Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1989. UniM Bail 951.24905 TIEN
Tsang, Steve (ed.). In the Shadow of China: Political Developments in Taiwan Since 1949, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993. UniM Bail 320.951249 INTH
Wang, Peter Chen-main. “A Bastion Created, a Regime Reformed, an Economy Reengineered, 1949-1970” in Rubinstein, Murray A. (ed.) Taiwan: A New History Armonk, New York: M.E.Sharpe, 2007: 320-338. UniM UniM INTERNET resource.
Wong, Joseph. “The Developmental State and Taiwan: Origins and Adaption” in Schubert, Gunter (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Taiwan. London: Routledge, 2016: 201-217. UniM INTERNET resource.
Marking Criteria
All essays must have an argument: What is your answer to the question being asked, or to put it in other terms what is your position or standpoint on the question being asked?
A good essay acknowledges and deals with the complexity of what is involved in the question and does this is a clear way, a less good argument may get lost in the complexity.
A good essay directly answers the question being asked. A less good essay may wander from the question
A good essay does not over-simplify or ignore important aspects of the question, a less good essay may do so.
A good essay will contain a summary of the argument in the form of a thesis statement in your introduction: “This essay will argue….” Is a clear way to signal this.
All essays need evidence to support the argument. This comes from reading and research.
Good essays use a range of evidence from different sources, less good essays rely too much on one or two sources.
Good essays use evidence with care and accuracy, without major errors of fact and interpretation.
Good essays use some quotes but avoid long quotes from secondary sources. Paraphrasing and summarising should be used in preference to extensive quotation.
Good essays have an effective balance between evidence and analysis, less good essays have too many quotes or paraphrases which are not explained, interpreted or evaluated (see Analysis).
All essays need analysis which helps to explain how the evidence supports the argument.
Good essays contain analysis which clearly explains, interprets, and evaluates evidence and shows how your evidence supports your argument.
Analysis comes from thinking carefully about the significance of evidence in the context of the argument of the essay, and expressing this clearly.
Good analysis avoids generalisation and over-simplification.
All essays need to be accurately and adequately referenced and have a bibliography.
You may use any of the major in-text or footnoting systems (Chicago, Harvard, MLA, APA) but you must give page numbers for each citation.
Your essay also must contain a bibliography (in alphabetical order by author’s family name) that gives the full details of all the sources that you have consulted.