The Title of Your Experiment
Your Full Name and student id number:
MSc: Your Course Title
Department of Chemical Sciences, School of Applied Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH UK.
Lab Class Completed on 30th April 2021, Work Submitted on Xth May 2021
The abstract should be concise and summarise the content of the experiment.It should be no longer than about 70 words (approximately 5–6 lines). This is the last section that you should write and it’s probably the hardest to actually write but it must go here.
The report should be written as an impersonal account reporting what has been done (past tense) it should be in a two column style and no longer than four sides A4 when printed. Also ensure that you have scanned the document using a spelling checker. Use this format throughout as most journals have a specific style, fonts, font size and layout. Use insert and replace all the text here but keep the format the same throughout. This section should cover the aims of your paper and introduce the reader to the background theory required to understand the experimental techniques used in your experiment and lay out the questions you are trying to answer or the aims that you are trying to meet1. It may also suggest other materials that can be quantitatively analysed by this technique.
IT SHOULD NOT INCLUDE DETAILS OF THE RESULTS OR CONCLUSIONS THAT COME FROM THE EXPERIMENT.
It might be that you need to include equations, these could be in a line such as E = mc2 or as a separate item with a label.
Similarly chemical formulas could be typed such as C6H6 or drawn using chemical drawing packages.
Figure 1 A benzene molecule
CF2(OF)2(g) + 2CO(g) = 2CF2O(g) + CO2(g)
Equation 2 An important gas phase reaction
Note all algebra, chemical equations or molecules that are included should be labelled.
This should be a concise description of how the experiment was carried out. Particular focus should be given to any points where you have deviated from the method provided. You shouldn’t include too much detail in this section of the report.
Your results should be laid out in a clear and appropriate way using tables, spectra, chromatograms, polarograms and graphics as you feel are appropriate. Thought should be made to the number of significant figures used on graphs, tables and in calculations. Statistical data should be given and explained to the reader. All quantities in tables and figures should be dimensionless with the appropriate units included in the table or figure headings (see Figure 1 and Table 1). All Tables and Figures should have titles.
Note that table headings and values should be dimensionless. This is also true for the axis titles and points on a graph.
%CO2Temperature (T) / K1000K / Tln (%CO2)103003.332.30203253.085.78303562.8111.09
Table 1 All tables should be labelled to explain to the reader what’s being shown. Results from an exhaust catalysis experiment
Figure 2 A series of Arrhenius plots showing how the activation energy changes with chemical composition – your data should show error bars as duplicate/triplicate analysis has hopefully been carried out.
3.1 Some Additional thoughts (secondary title) – you choose the titles
The discussion can stand as a separate section or be integrated with the results. Depending on your preference and the experiment you are doing. The discussion of your results whether this is in a qualitative of quantitative way is by far the most important part of any scientific report 2, 3 and is where the largest part of your effort should be.
In this section you should discuss any analysis you have done and explain what it means 4. Does it agree with any predictions you made at the start of the experiment?
The conclusion should be concise and critical summary of the experiment, particular whether the initial aims were met. You should quote your main answer such as nicotine 2.58 and 2.62 mg were found in the sample analysed NiQuitin strips as supplied contain 2.5 mg nicotine per oral film. Additionally it may include scope for future work5,6.
C. D. Abernethy, G. M. Codd, M. D. Spicer and M. K. Taylor, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003, 125, 1128–1129,D. A. Skoog, F.J. Holler and T. A. Nieman, Principles of Instrumental Analysis, Saunders, Philadelphia, 6th edn., 2006.J. N. Miller and J.C. Miller, Statistics and Chemometrics for Analytical Chemistry, Pearson, Harlow, 6th edn., 2010.D. D. Gilliland, PhD Thesis, University of Strathclyde, 1993.A.K. Ganguli, R. Nagarajan, G.R. Rao, N.Y. Vasanthacharya and C.N.R. Rao, Solid State Commun., 1989, 72, 195P.E. Pickert, US Pat. 3 640 681, 1972
5.1 Notes on references (not a section in your report)
It is important any references you make are clearly marked in the text and included as a list at the end of your text using a consistent style. What is shown above is the style recommended by the Royal Society of Chemistry but you may choose to use one of the other styles, for example the Harvard style. References should generally be made to the printed material which has been reviewed (journals, reviews patents) rather than web pages. Never use unchecked sources such as Wikipedia as an academic reference. Use books, journal articles, patents, review articles, doctoral thesis and websites and papers with electronic links It is also poor practice to list a set of authors as M. B. Hursthouse et al as the other authors have contributed to the paper and one day soon perhaps you will be the et al.